Curso Online de CONDITIONALS

Curso Online de CONDITIONALS

Este material ensina de maneira simples e didática os 4 tipos de condicional: "THE ZERO CONDITIONAL,THE FIRST CONDITIONAL,THE SECOND COND...

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Este material ensina de maneira simples e didática os 4 tipos de condicional: "THE ZERO CONDITIONAL,THE FIRST CONDITIONAL,THE SECOND CONDITIONAL and THE THIRD CONDITIONAL".
O estudo é feito da seguinte maneira: Primeiro você tem toda a explicação detalhada sobre o tópico com vários exemplos. Na segunda etapa você faz exercícios sobre o assunto. Ao final, você checa as suas respostas.

Professora de inglês com Licenciatura em Letras pela Universidade da Amazônia (UNAMA), com curso de especialização em Docência do Ensino Superior pelo Centro Universitário do Pará (CESUPA) e com 20 anos de experiência docente em escolas, cursos livres e universidades.



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  • CONDITIONALS

    conditionals

  • ZERO CONDITIONAL

    zero conditional

    form:

    if + present simple present simple
    if you press the button, the machine switches off.

    if you go in the best seats, you get a free drink.

  • USE

    use

    * if has the same meaning as when here.
    for instructions:
    ex: if the camera is on, a red light appears.

    for general truths:
    ex: he always says hello if he sees you.

    obs: we can also use the past simple in the two clauses:
    ex: if i stayed out late, i always got a taxi home.

  • THE REAL (FIRST) CONDITIONAL

    the real (first) conditional

    form:
    if + present simple , future
    ex: if you drop it, it will break
    or
    future if + present simple
    ex: i will invite you if i give a party

  • USE

    use

    it refers to the future. it is used when there is a possibility that the if-event might happen.
    ex 1: if it rains, we’ll go to the cinema. (= it might rain, it might not)
    ex 2: if the sun shines, we’ll go to the beach. (= the sun might shine, it might not)
     going to is sometimes used in the real conditional to describe a future plan.
    ex: if it rains, we are going to visit my mother.

  • THE SECOND (UNREAL) CONDITIONAL

    the second (unreal) conditional

    form:
    if + simple past , would + infinitive
    ex:if i lived by the sea, i would swim a lot.
    or
    ex: i would travel to the usa if i were you.
    would + infinitive if + simple past

  • USE

    use


    to talk about a present situation which is impossible, a hypothetical situation.
    ex 1: if my parents were alive, they would be very proud of me now. (but my parents are not alive)

    ex 2:if she left her husband, she would be happier. (but i don’t think she is going to leave her husband)

  • CONTRAST

    contrast

    some students get confused by the difference between real (first) and unreal (second) conditional. look at these two sentences:

    a) if she works harder, she will pass her exam. (real conditional) it is a possibility

    b) if she worked harder, she would pass her exam. (unreal conditional) she doesn’t work hard.

  •  Other Words than IF

     other words than if

    other words can be used instead of if in conditional clauses:

    unless = if not

    ex: i will go home if the film doesn’t start.
    i will go home unless the film starts.

  • THE THIRD CONDITIONAL

    the third conditional

    form:
    if + past perfect would + perfect infinitive
    if she had worked harder, she would have passed the exams.
    or
    would + perfect infinitive if + past perfect
    she would have gone to the show if she had bought the ticket.

  • USE:

    use:

    to talk about something in the past that did not happen.
    ex: she would have visited the statue of liberty if she had gone to rio. (imaginary situation)
    real situation: she didn’t go to rio so she didn’t see the statue of liberty.


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  • CONDITIONALS
  • ZERO CONDITIONAL
  • USE
  • THE REAL (FIRST) CONDITIONAL
  • USE
  • THE SECOND (UNREAL) CONDITIONAL
  • USE
  • CONTRAST
  • ? Other Words than IF
  • THE THIRD CONDITIONAL
  • USE:
  • EXERCÍCIOS
  • I. PUT THE VERBS IN BRACKETS IN THE APPROPRIATE FORM. USE THE REAL CONDITIONAL: EX: She will call you if she has (have) time.
  • II. REWRITE THE SENTENCES USING ‘UNLESS’: EX: If you don’t hurry, you will be late. Unless you hurry, you will be late.
  • III. PUT THE VERBS IN BRACKETS IN THE APPROPRIATE FORM. USE THE UNREAL CONDITIONAL: EX: If I spoke (speak) French, my job would be a lot easier.
  • IV. Complete the sentences. Use the third conditional. Ex: If I ___had seen___ (see) him, I __would have said___ (say) hello.
  • CORRECTION
  • PUT THE VERBS IN BRACKETS IN THE APPROPRIATE FORM. USE THE REAL CONDITIONAL: EX: She will call you if she has (have) time.
  • II. REWRITE THE SENTENCES USING ‘UNLESS’: EX: If you don’t hurry, you will be late. Unless you hurry, you will be late.
  • III. PUT THE VERBS IN BRACKETS IN THE APPROPRIATE FORM. USE THE UNREAL CONDITIONAL: EX: If I spoke (speak) French, my job would be a lot easier.
  • IV. Complete the sentences. Use the third conditional. Ex: If I ___had seen___ (see) him, I __would have said___ (say) hello.